His parents were not married when Albert was born, and his mother altered his birth certificate after her marriage. Young Edward secured his first job as a newspaper boy when he was only six.
He first studied the trombone, then changed to cornet. A band he co-led with trombonist Kid Ory was considered the best and hottest in New Orleans in the late s.
After Storyville closed, he moved to Chicago in with his wife and step-daughter, Ruby Tuesday Oliver. In the summer of he took a group to the West Coast, playing engagements in San Francisco and Oakland, California. Recordings made by this group in for GennettOkehParamountand Columbia demonstrated the New Orleans style of collective improvisation, also known as Dixielandand brought it to a larger audience.
In the mids Oliver enlarged his band to nine musicians, performing under the name King Oliver and his Dixie Syncopators, and began using more written arrangements with jazz solos.
In the band went to New York, but he disbanded it to do freelance jobs. In the later s, he struggled with playing trumpet due to his gum disease, so he employed others to handle the solos, including his nephew Dave Nelson, Louis Metcalf, and Red Allen.
He reunited the band inrecording for Victor Talking Machine Company one year later. He continued with modest success until a downturn in the economy made it more difficult to find bookings.
His periodontitis made playing the trumpet difficult. He quit playing music in His favorite mute was a small metal mute made by the C.
Conn Instrument Company, with which he played his famous solo on his composition the "Dippermouth Blues" an early nickname for fellow cornetist Louis Armstrong. His recording "Wa Wa Wa" with the Dixie Syncopators can be credited with giving the name wah-wah to such techniques.
A few years later Oliver summoned him to Chicago to play with his band. Louis remembered Oliver as "Papa Joe" and considered him his idol and inspiration. In his autobiography, Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans, Armstrong wrote: I still think that if it had not been for Joe Oliver, Jazz would not be what it is today.
He was a creator in his own right. A succession of managers stole money from him, and he tried to negotiate more money for his band than the Savoy Ballroom was willing to pay — losing the job.
He lost his life savings to a collapsed bank in Chicago, and he struggled to keep his band together through a series of hand-to-mouth gigs until the group broke up.
Oliver also had health problems, such as pyorrheaa gum disease that was partly caused by his love of sugar sandwiches and it made it very difficult for him to play  and he soon began delegating solos to younger players, but byhe could no longer play the trumpet at all.
Armstrong and other loyal musician friends were in attendance. Selected compilation discography[ edit ] Papa Joe:Joseph Nathan Oliver (December 19, – April 10, ) better known as King Oliver or Joe Oliver, was an American jazz cornet player and bandleader. He was particularly recognized for his playing style and his pioneering use of mutes in jazz.
Louis Armstrong, one of the most influential jazz artists of all time, is remembered for songs like he is known for songs like 'Star Dust,' 'La Via En Rose' and 'What a Wonderful World.' Learn.
Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! Occupation: Musician; Born: August 4, in New Orleans, Louisiana ; Died: July 6, in New York City; Best known for: One of the most influential figures in the history of jazz music; Nicknames: Satchmo, Pops, Dippermouth; Biography: Where did Louis Armstrong grow up?
Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans, Louisiana on August . King Oliver, byname of Joseph Oliver, (born May 11, , Abend, La., U.S.—died April 8, , Savannah, Ga.), American cornetist who was a vital link between the semimythical prehistory of jazz and the firmly documented history of jazz proper.
In , Oliver invited a young musician, Louis Armstrong, to join the band as a second cornetists. Armstrong was immediately popular and added to the growing prestige of King Oliver's band. They were recorded in , and were famous as .