Here is your name analysis according to your destiny number. Brian Destiny Analysis You like to set your own hours and will not tolerate too much discipline.
His father was a professor, and his mother was the daughter of a landowning family. As a child he was frail, often suffering from ill health, yet he excelled academically. While attending the university he became ill and, while recuperating, decided to be an anthropologist as a An analysis of the name brian in the ethnology of reading James Frazer 's The Golden Bough.
Seligman and Edvard Westermarck. Career[ edit ] Inhe travelled to Papua in what would later become Papua New Guineawhere he conducted fieldwork at Mailu Island and then, more famously, in the Trobriand Islands.
The ethnographic collection he made on the Trobriand Islands is now held by the British Museum. Malinowski was not allowed to return to Europe from the British-controlled region because, though Polish by ethnicity, he was a subject of Austria-Hungary.
Australian authorities gave him the opportunity of conducting research in Melanesia, an opportunity he happily embraced. It was during this period that he conducted his fieldwork on the Kula ring and advanced the practice of participant observationwhich remains the hallmark of ethnographic research today.
Inhe earned a doctorate of science in anthropology and was teaching at the London School of Economics. That year his book Argonauts of the Western Pacific was published. It was widely regarded as a masterpiece, and Malinowski became one of the best-known anthropologists in the world.
For the next two decades, he would establish the London School of Economics as Europe's main centre of anthropology.
He became a British citizen in He took up a position at Yale Universitywhere he remained until his death. Death[ edit ] Malinowski died on 16 Mayaged 58, of a heart attack while preparing to conduct summer fieldwork in OaxacaMexico.
He is often referred to as the first researcher to bring anthropology "off the verandah" a phrase that is also the name of a documentary about his work that is, experiencing the everyday life of his subjects along with them.
He stated that the goal of the anthropologist, or ethnographer, is "to grasp the native's point of view, his relation to life, to realize his vision of his world" Argonauts of the Western Pacific, Dutton edition, p. However, in reference to the Kula ringMalinowski also stated, in the same edition, pp.
Yet it must be remembered that what appears to us an extensive, complicated, and yet well ordered institution is the outcome of so many doings and pursuits, carried on by savages, who have no laws or aims or charters definitely laid down.
They have no knowledge of the total outline of any of their social structure. They know their own motives, know the purpose of individual actions and the rules which apply to them, but how, out of these, the whole collective institution shapes, this is beyond their mental range.
Not even the most intelligent native has any clear idea of the Kula as a big, organised social construction, still less of its sociological function and implications The integration of all the details observed, the achievement of a sociological synthesis of all the various, relevant symptoms, is the task of the Ethnographer Malinowski with natives, Trobriand IslandsIn these two passages, Malinowski anticipated the distinction between description and analysis, and between the views of actors and analysts.
This distinction continues to inform anthropological method and theory. Malinowski originated the school of social anthropology known as functionalism. In contrast to Radcliffe-Brown 's structural functionalismMalinowski argued that culture functioned to meet the needs of individuals rather than society as a whole.
He reasoned that when the needs of individuals, who comprise society, are met, then the needs of society are met. To Malinowski, the feelings of people and their motives were crucial knowledge to understand the way their society functioned: Besides the firm outline of tribal constitution and crystallized cultural items which form the skeleton, besides the data of daily life and ordinary behavior, which are, so to speak, its flesh and blood, there is still to be recorded the spirit—the natives' views and opinions and utterances.
Apart from fieldwork, Malinowski also challenged the claim to universality of Freud 's theory of the Oedipus complex.
He initiated a cross-cultural approach in Sex and Repression in Savage Society where he demonstrated that specific psychological complexes are not universal. Malinowski likewise influenced the course of African history, serving as an academic mentor to Jomo Kenyattathe father and first president of modern-day Kenya.
Malinowski also wrote the introduction to Facing Mount Kenya, Kenyatta's ethnographic study of the Gikuyu tribe. The Kulurami tribe in Africa also caught his attention. In a brief passage in his book Broca's Brainthe late science popularizer Carl Sagan criticized Malinowski for thinking that "he had discovered a people in the Trobriand Islands who had not worked out the connection between sexual intercourse and childbirth", arguing that it was more likely that the islanders were simply making fun of Malinowski.The Bureau of American Ethnology (or BAE, originally, Bureau of Ethnology) was established in by an act of Congress for the purpose of transferring archives, records and materials relating to the Indians of North America from the Interior Department to the Smithsonian Institution.
Thus, ethnography may be defined as both a qualitative research process or method (one conducts an ethnography) and product (the outcome of this process is an ethnography) whose aim is cultural interpretation. The ethnographer goes beyond reporting events and details of experience. Name Definition Essay John Marchiori 8/29/13 When I was born my mom and dad both decided to name me Johnathan Michael Marchiori.
Because my parents are very religious and their favorite apostle is St. John, they named me Johnathan. Asian Ethnology_ Cumulative list of Essays _ Book Reviews(AE_hyperlinked) - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.
Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. What is Ethnography? View this page at its new benjaminpohle.com that you can view and download my detailed guide to ethnography and ethnographic fieldwork including lists of questions and tips for fieldwork notes.
If you would like to use and cite my work on this subject, this is the best way to go. Bryan is a masculine given name. It is a variant spelling of the masculine given name Brian.