Messenger Former Brazilian President, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, has argued that the war on drugs has failed and cannabis should be decriminalised. Having just returned from Rio, we can only agree. One of us was staying with an eminent professor of philosophy. We were returning to her house with her year-old daughter, only to have our way blocked by police with machine guns.
The purpose of the act was to prohibit all non-medical use of cannabis in the U. Pharmacopeia inat the urging of famed anti-cannabis crusader Harry Anslinger. Despite the strict federal prohibition in place, cannabis continued to gain renewed interest as medicine in the s and s, in particular due to the testimonials of cancer and AIDS patients who reported significant relief from the effects of chemotherapy and wasting syndrome.
Title II of the act — the Controlled Substances Act — established a system under which all controlled substances are categorized, varying from Schedule I the strictest classification to Schedule V the least strict.
Cannabis was placed in the Schedule I category, assumed to have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use — thereby prohibiting its use for any purpose. Shafer — determined in its March report to the President and Congress that the societal harms caused by cannabis were limited, and recommended removal of criminal penalties for possession and distribution of small amounts of the drug.
Schedule II drugs — determined to have a high potential for abuse but also some accepted medical use thus able to be prescribed — include cocainePCPmethamphetamineoxycodoneand fentanyl. The Drug Enforcement Administration is granted authority under the CSA to change the classification of any drug, based upon the recommendation of the Food and Drug Administration which evaluates all drugs for safety and efficacy.
Stewart McKinney and Newt Gingrich that grew to 84 cosponsors but never received a floor vote. Young ruled in favor of moving cannabis to a Schedule II classification, finding that "Marijuana, in its natural form, is one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man.
It would be unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious for [the] DEA to continue to stand between those sufferers and the benefits of this substance in light of the evidence in this record.
Court of Appeals upheld the decision to keep cannabis a Schedule I drug. The program was created following a lawsuit filed by Robert Randalla Washington, D. Masonthe head of U. Public Health Serviceexplained that keeping the program in place created the perception that "this stuff can't be so bad", and noted that AIDS patients provided with cannabis would be more likely to engage in unsafe sex.
In response, the Clinton administration reiterated its firm opposition to the medical use of cannabis,  and threatened to revoke the prescription-writing abilities of doctors who recommend or prescribe the drug.
McCaffreywhich affirmed the right of physicians to recommend but not prescribe cannabis.
Bush escalated efforts to enforce federal law during his 8 years in office, with more than raids conducted and 84 individuals prosecuted by his administration.
Walters was particularly active in opposing the medical use of cannabis, campaigning against initiatives in a number of states in what medical cannabis advocates charged was an inappropriate use of taxpayer dollars and a violation of the Hatch Act.
During his campaign for president, Obama expressed support for allowing states to implement their own medical cannabis policies, stating: Attorneys to a number of state and city officials, threatening to criminally prosecute these individuals if the implementation of new medical cannabis laws moved forward.
Cole in June Attorneys sent out hundreds more letters over the next two years, threatening landlords with criminal prosecution and seizure of property for renting to medical cannabis providers.
The memo was prompted in particular by the recent legalization of non-medical cannabis in Washington and Colorado, but also addressed enforcement in medical cannabis states. Rohrabacher—Farr amendment[ edit ] On December 16,a landmark victory was achieved for medical cannabis at the federal level with the signing into law of the Rohrabacher—Farr amendment.
Initially introduced by Rep. Maurice Hinchey inthe amendment prohibits the Justice Department from spending funds to interfere with the implementation of state medical cannabis laws. District Judge Charles Breyer ruled against the Justice Department in Octoberhowever, stating that the DOJ interpretation "defies language and logic" and "tortures the plain meaning of the statute", and was "counterintuitive and opportunistic".
Only seven states ended up implementing the programs, however,  due to the large bureaucratic and regulatory obstacles imposed by the federal government.3 Arguments for and Against Legalizing Marijuana the United States.
A separate poll from Quinnipiac University in April of this year found support for legalizing medical cannabis at. - INTRODUCTION Marijuana, also known as weed, hemp, cannabis, pot, herb, grass, etc., is the most common illegal drug in the United States.
Marijuana is also known to be a gateway drug because it can lead people to do more serious drugs. Jan 13, · Moreover, in the United States, some states such as Washington and Colorado have also legalized the possession and usage of marijuana for medical purposes.
On the other hand, various penalties are imposed for use or possession of cannabis in most countries. Three reasons marijuana should be legal. Let's first have a look at some of the convincing arguments for why legalization makes sense.
1. A majority of the public favors legalization. Polls have pretty consistently shown that a majority of the public wants marijuana to be legal. Legalization Of Marijuana Essay Examples. total results.
Marijuana Should Be Legalized words. 1 page.
An Argument in Favor of Marijuana Legalization in the United States. 1, words. 3 pages. An Argument in Favor of Legalization of Marijuana in the United States An Argument in Favor of the Legalization of Marijuana in the.
Marijuana Legalization is an Opportunity level legalization of recreational marijuana and the United States’ obligation to prevent clearly shifting in favor of legalizing marijuana.