But, by the God that made me, I will cease to exist before I yield to a connection on such terms as the British Parliament propose; and in this, I think I speak the sentiments of America.
Denmark, Germany, Russia, Sweden and Poland fought their many wars over controlling the important geographical position as a gateway between the East and the West. The Russian revolution and the generally unstable situation in Russia created the opportunity for Estonia to gain its independence.
On 8 April40, Estonians held a demonstration in St Petersburg in support of Estonian self-government. For the first time, an Estonian, Jaan Poska, was appointed as a provincial commissioner of Estonia.
The Bolshevik forces retreated to Russia. This was not yet a happy ending, however. But with the First World War coming to its crushing end and forcing Imperial Germany to capitulate in NovemberGermany formally handed over the political power of Estonia to the Estonian Provisional Government. The provisional government immediately called for voluntary mobilisation and began to organise the Estonian Army, which initially consisted of one division.
This marked the beginning of the Estonian War of Independence. The Red Army attack came in an extremely difficult time. The Estonian administration and defence forces had very little experience.
The army lacked sufficient weapons and equipment. Food and money were scarce; the towns were in danger of starvation. Although the majority of the population did not support Soviet Russia, their faith in the survival of national statehood was not high.
People did not believe that Estonia would be able to resist the attacks of the Red Army. But the Estonian government nevertheless decided to oppose the Russian aggression.
By the end of December, however, the young republic managed to reorganise its armed forces and recruit an additional 11, volunteers. Estonia fights back The country also managed to build three armoured trains and called for foreign assistance.
When the Soviet army had advanced to 34 kilometres 21 miles outside of the Estonian capital in Decembera British Royal Navy squadron arrived in Tallinnbringing guns, food and fuel. Furthermore, in JanuaryFinnish volunteer units, consisting of about 3, men, arrived in Estonia.
Danish and Swedish volunteers also participated on the Estonian side. The strengthened Estonian Army, now totalling 13, men, with 5, on the front facing 8, Soviet soldiers, stopped the advance of the 7th Red Army in early January and went on counter-offensive.
Forcing the enemy out of the country increased faith in the authority of the young republic and enabled another mobilisation that was crucial in continuing the fight against a much bigger Red Army — at one point during the war, it had committed about 80, soldiers against Estonia.
By Maythe Estonian troops already contained about 75, men. Independence ensured The War of Independence continued with heavy battles throughoutwith the Soviet forces repeatedly attempting to regain their lost ground.
By the end of the year, the number of Estonian troops had increased to 90, Estonia emerged victorious, secured its borders and signed the Tartu Peace Treaty with Soviet Russia on 2 February Their sacrifice ensured that Estonia could enjoy freedom until and then again from onward.
Inthe country became a member of the League of Nations. With a political system in place, the new Estonian government immediately began the job of rebuilding.
As one of its first major acts, the government carried out an extensive land reform, giving tracts to small farmers and veterans of the War of Independence.The Declaration of Independence, US Constitution, Bill of Rights, Articles Of Confederation.
Constitution IQ Quiz, Constitution Day Materials, Constitution Bookstore, Pocket Constitution Books, Constitution Amendments. Fascinating Facts about the Constitution, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court and more. United States (U.S.) Declaration of Independence. The significant aspect of the Declaration of Independence is that it changed the American "rebellion" against Great Britain into a "revolution." From April 19, until July 2, the war was being fought so the colonists could regain their rights as Englishmen that had been taken away by the British from The US Constitution, Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence, Articles Of Confederation.
Constitution IQ Quiz, Constitution Day Materials, Constitution Bookstore, Pocket Constitution Books, Constitution Amendments.
Fascinating Facts about the Constitution, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court and more. Lesson 2: THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE: AN ANALYTICAL VIEW Gain a first-hand understanding of the conditions faced by Washington's Continental Army, and explore how Washington was able to hold. Startling evidence of the once vibrant Jewish life in Iraq came to light in May — over 2, books and tens of thousands of documents were discovered in the flooded basement of the Iraqi intelligence headquarters by a US Army team.
The Declaration of Independence, Constitution and Bill of Rights, collectively known as the Charters of Freedom, have guaranteed the rights and freedoms of Americans for over years. The spectacular new book The Charters of Freedom-"A New World Is At Hand" written by Alice Kamps, Curator at the National Archives, showcases the National.