Gumuguhit came from the simple verb guhit which means to draw. Enteng and Joey Enteng is a name presumed to be Vic Sotto, as it was his name in his popular fantasy movie, Enteng Kabisote.
Alcaldia which recognized Spain's possession over the land 2. Frailocracia During the Spanish regime, there was union of church and state: However, it seemed that the church exercised more power than the government and because of this; the government in the Philippines was called "Frailocracia," a government controlled by the friars.
They were highly successful in the region of modern day Luzon and Visayas but were unsuccessful in Mindanao, south region, where Moslems staved off the Spanish efforts. Mass baptism - the initial practice of baptizing large numbers of Filipinos at one time enabled the initial conversion to Christianity.
It is said that many Filipinos associated baptism with their own indigenous 'healing rituals', which also rely on the symbolism of holy water--very typical of Southeast Asian societies.
Reduccion policies - in areas where Filipinos lived scattered across the landscape in small hamlets, the Spanish military employed a resettlement policy that they had used successful.
This policy was called reduccion, and essentially meant a forced relocation of small, scattered settlements into one larger town. Throughout Spanish rule, Christianized Filipinos were forced to pay larger taxes than indios, or native, unchristian zed peoples.
The policy was successful in some areas but impossible to enforce. Spanish archives are full of exasperated colonial officials complaining about how such settlements were 'all but abandoned' in many cases after only a few weeks. Attitude of the Spanish clergy in the early phase - Spanish friars was forced to learn the native language of the peoples they sought to convert.
Without schools that trained people in Spanish, Spolarium painting of juan luna means Spanish friars had no choice but to say Christian mass and otherwise communicate in the vernacular languages of the Philippines. In the late Spanish period, in contrast, Spanish priests enraged many Filipinos for failing to: Adaptation of Christianity to the local context - Filipinos were mostly animistic in their religious beliefs and practices prior to Spanish intervention.
Such beliefs were central to healing practices, harvest rites, and to maintaining a cosmological balance between this world and the afterlife.
Spirits were invisible, but also responsible for both good and bad events. Spirits could be blamed for poor harvests, illness, and bad luck generally. Yet Filipinos believed that proper ritual feasting of the spirits would appease them, and result in good harvests, healthy recovery of the ill, and the fertility of women.
The legacy of Spanish conquest and colonial rule in the Philippines, as is true of all colonial attempts to 'master' or manage indigenous populations, is mixed. On the one hand, Spanish clergy were very destructive of local religious practices.
They systematically destroyed indigenous holy places and 'idols', or statues and representations of indigenous spirits, gods or goddesses.
They also tried to stamp out all examples of native scripts and literature for fear that Filipinos were using exotic symbols to foment rebellion. The Spanish also imposed new 'moralities' on Filipinos by discouraging slave holding, polygamy, gambling, and alcohol consumption that were a natural part of the indigenous social and religious practices.
Hispanic rule left a legacy of syncretism, rather than totally destructive, elements. Spanish clergy introduced some very European features of Catholic practice that blended well with indigenous ritual practices.
Spanish Catholic priests relied on vivid, theatrical presentations of stories of the Bible in order to help Filipinos understand the central messages of Christianity. This colonial legacy lives on whenever Filipino Catholics re-enact through religious dramas the passion of Christ, or Christ's martyrdom, during Holy Week.
Service was inaugurated in and continued into the early 19th century. This way, the Philippines earned its income through buy and sell - that is, they bought silk from China for resale to New Spain and then bought American silver for resale to China.
But It neglected the development of the colony's local industries which affected the Indios since agriculture was their main source of income. In addition, the building and operation of galleons put too much burden on the colonists' annual polo y servicio, resulted in cultural and commercial exchanges between Asia and the Americas that led to the introduction of new crops and animals to the Philippines notably tobacco that gave the colony its first real income which benefit extended to the common Indio.
The society led to the creation of Plan General Economico of Basco which implemented the monopolies on the areca nut, tobacco, spirited liquors and explosives. It offered local and foreign scholarships and training grants in agriculture and established an academy of design.
It was also credited to the carabao ban ofthe formation of the silversmiths and gold beaters guild and the construction of the first papermill in the Philippines in It was introduced onvanished temporarily onand and ceased to exist in the middle of the s. This gradually resulted into the death of both institutions: The Royal Philippine Company in and the Galleon trade in The buwis tributewhich could be paid in cash or kind tobacco, chickens, produce, gold, blankets, cotton, rice, etc.Sep 05, · Excerpt of heritage expert John Silva's remarks on Juan Luna's monumental painting Spoliarium, housed at the Philippine National Museum.
Spolarium Painting Of Juan Luna Means. SPOLIARVM We had a chance to see for we the larger than life painting of Juan Luna exhibited in the National Art Gallery. Well, last February 25, during EDSA 25th anniversary we went to the National Museum Art Gallery for our Humanities subject.
Juan Luna is a well-known Filipino artist. In case you don't know, he painted the Spoliarium. It is a painting in the grounds of the Colosseum in Italy and sho wed the Spaniards. Juan Luna, like his colleague Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo, was the first Filipino artist to gain international fame this way.
But for Luna it was not a simple matter of gaining personal glory for himself as an artist that made him join the Salons of Madrid, Barcelona, and Munich; it was also a matter of patriotic duty.
The Spoliarium (often misspelled Spolarium) is a painting by Filipino painter Juan Luna. The painting was submitted by Luna to the Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes in in Madrid, where it garnered the first gold medal (out of three). In , it was sold to the .
The following are some of the finest paintings of Juan Luna y Novicio (October 23, — December 7, ). He was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century.
He was one of the first recognized Philippine artists.