The boy's mother follows her son wailing until she reaches the Drina River, where he is taken across by ferry and she can no longer follow. He rises through the Ottoman military ranks and around the age of 60 becomes the Grand Viziera position he holds for the next fifteen years. During his time as Grand Vizier, he serves under three sultans and oversees the Ottoman Empire's expansion into Central Europe.
The word means "land of the southern Slavs. Within Serbia there are several national cultures. In addition to the dominant Serb tradition, there is a large Hungarian population in the northern province of Vojvodina, where Hungarian is the common language and the culture is highly influenced by Hungary which borders the province to the north.
In southern Serbia, the province of Kosovo is primarily Albanian, and has an Islamic culture that bears many remnants of the earlier Turkish conquest.
Serbia covers 34, square miles 88, square kilometers ; Montenegro has an area of 5, square miles 13, square kilometers. Together they are slightly smaller than the state of Kentucky. The terrain varies widely. In the north there are fertile plains that produce most of Serbia's crops, as well as marshlands along the Sava and Danube Rivers.
Central Serbia is hilly and forested and is the most densely populated region of the country. In the east, there are the Carpathian and Rhodope Mountains, as well as the Balkan range, which forms the border with Romania.
The Dinaric Alps rise in the western central region. Kosovo, in the south, is considered the cradle of Serbian civilization. Its geographical formation is two basins surrounded by mountains, including the highest peak in Yugoslavia, Daravica, with an elevation of 8, feet 2, meters.
Kosovo's rocky soil does not produce much, with the exception of corn and rye, but there are grazing fields for livestock, as well as mineral resources of lead, zinc, and silver.
Montenegro, the smallest of the former Yugoslav republics, is largely forested. Its terrain is rough and mountainous, better suited for animal husbandry than for farming.
Its coastal plain along the Adriatic is narrow, dropping off to sheer cliffs in the north. Belgrade is the capital of Serbia and is the largest city in the country, with a population of 1. It takes its name, which translates as "white fortress," from the large stone walls that enclose the old part of the city.
It is in the north of the country, on a cliff overlooking the meeting of the Danube and Sava Rivers. Since the civil wars began in the early s, the population has become more heavily Serbian.
Many Croats have fled, particularly from Belgrade and Vojvodina, and many ethnic Serbs have fled from other former Yugoslav republics, Bosnia and Croatia in particular. The estimate for Serbia's population was 9,, and for MontenegroHowever, these numbers are uncertain due to forced dislocation and ethnic cleansing.
Serbian, the official language, is spoken by 95 percent of the population.
It is virtually identical to Croatian, except that Serbian is written in the Cyrillic, or Russian, alphabet, and Croatian uses Roman letters. Five percent of the people speak Albanian, most of these concentrated in the southern province of Kosovo.
German, English, and French are commonly learned in school as second languages. The national symbol of Serbia is a double-headed white eagle, a creature considered the king of animals. The new flag of Serbia and Montenegro is three vertical bars, blue, white, and red from top to bottom.
The flag of the former Yugoslavia was the same but with a red star outlined in yellow in the center. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.
There is archaeological evidence that civilization in present-day Serbia dates to between and B. The first known inhabitants were the Illyrians, followed by the Celts in the fourth century, and the Romans a century after that.
Slavic tribes, whose descendants today form most of the population of the region, arrived in the sixth century. The Byzantine Empire ruled the Balkans for centuries, until the s, when Stefan Nemanja, a leader of a Serb clan, united many smaller clans to defeat the foreign power.
Nemanja became king, and in passed the crown to his son Stefan II. The Nemanja Dynasty continued to rule for the next two hundred years, a period considered a golden age in Serbian history. During this period the Serb Empire expanded to include Serbia, Montenegro, and Albania, reaching as far as Greece in the south.
The Ottoman Turkish Empire to the south also was growing, however, and in arrived in Kosovo and demanded that Serbian forces surrender to them. The Turks ruled for nearly five hundred years. During their reign, many of the people were enslaved, and the cultural and economic development of the region was stifled.
Throughout the nineteenth century, however, the Serbs began to reassert their desire for self-rule, and inwith the aid of Russian forces, Serbia defeated the Ottomans.
In that same year, the Congress of Berlin declared Serbia independent, but it also partitioned the country so that Bosnia-Herzogovina, a region with a large Serb population, became part of Austria. Overall, the Congress's re-distribution of land decreased the domain of the Turks and the Russians and increased that of Austria-Hungary and Great Britain.Bosnian Chronicle is the story of that consulate.
Although set against the background of Napoleon's victories and defeats and the Serbian revolt against Turkey, it is similar to The Bridge on the Drina in its narrow, almost claustrophobic focus on a single town. Frequently Asked Questions Who wrote this list?
See the heading above and the credit below to find out who wrote this list. If you don't like the selections in this list . Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Staples of the Serbian diet are bread, meat, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products.
Breakfast generally consists of eggs, meat, and bread, with a dairy spread called kajmak. Lunch is the main meal of the day and usually is eaten at about three in the afternoon.
Read The Bridge on the Drina Full Book PDF "The dreadful events occurring in Sarajevo over the past several months turn my mind to a remarkable historical novel from the land we used to call Yugoslavia, Ivo Andric's The Bridge on the Drina." â€” John M.
Mohan. Ivo Andric got the Nobel price for literature when I was a student. One of my professors told me to read his Chronicle and his "Bridge" and give a lecture. I'll never benjaminpohle.coms: 4.
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